Three Financial Statements That Every Business Owner Needs To Understand


By Bryce Welker, a CPA and CEO of multiple corporations, including Accounting Institute of Successful CPAs.

Income statements, balance sheets and money flow statements. When you’re running a business, you most likely have some knowledge of basic financial statements and how one can use them. But do you realize why they’re essential for entrepreneurs to make use of as a guide for growth?

If the reply is not any, you are not alone!

So many busy business owners get caught up within the grind and never hassle running reports or analyzing much apart from the underside line. When using financial statements is not a part of the strategy, the likelihood of becoming one in every of the various of companies that make it to the 10-year mark is slim.

Thankfully, you do not have to be a guru to grasp fundamental financial statements and harness your power as an entrepreneur or executive.

As a CPA and CEO of several corporations, I’d prefer to share an summary of three predominant sorts of financial statements, why they need to matter to you and what you’ll be able to do with the data on each.

Analyzing Income Statements

Financial statements are like a snapshot of what you are promoting’s overall financial health. They provide help to determine where you might be and plan your next moves. From net price numbers to profit projections, understanding financial statements is important to gauge your strength out there—and your weaknesses.

Income statements could be used to discover revenue and expenses, evaluate profitability, provide information to stakeholders and plan for the long run.

They sometimes include revenues, expenses and profits or losses incurred over a selected time frame. Also called profit and loss statements, they’ll show you the way much has been made, how much has been spent and where you are sitting financially.

When reviewing an income statement, you will find information linked to any assets, liabilities, equity, owners’ investments and distributions to owners. It also includes revenues, expenses, gains/losses and comprehensive income.

Have to borrow money to extend production, launch a latest product or market your current services? This critical information could be presented to those involved in what you are promoting. Again, income statements might be your best friend as they illustrate what you are promoting’s ability to repay liabilities.

Bringing In Balance Sheets

Commonly confused with income statements, balance sheets are reports showing an organization’s assets, liabilities and equity at a selected time. Balance sheets could be used to observe financial health over a time frame, make decisions related to debt and investments, and attract latest investors and talent.

When you’re taking a look at a balance sheet for a business, you’ll be able to do a couple of things with it.

For one, you’ll be able to analyze liquidity and determine whether there are enough short-term assets to cover short-term debts. This is finished by comparing the business’s current assets to its current liabilities.

You can even evaluate efficiency by taking a look at the asset turnover ratio. In other words, are you using your assets in an efficient way that results in extra money generated? Finally, you should use balance sheets to evaluate solvency and answer the query, “Do we have now enough assets to cover long-term debts?”

All of those uses will lead to 1 thing: a greater overall picture of a business’s financial health. From there, you’ll be able to make big decisions. For instance, because they assist pinpoint risk, balance sheets can provide help to resolve whether you’ll be able to afford to sink extra money into capital or must keep additional cash readily available. They will also be used to secure private equity funding and prove which you could repay what you must borrow.

Finally, these financial statements can provide help to attract and keep latest talent. Employees need to know that their jobs are secure. In any case, not many top-of-the-line employees are going to need to work for a business drowning in debt.

Considering Money Flow Statements

The third a part of the financial plan trio is a money flow statement. Money flow statements could be used to trace inflows and outflows and find ways to enhance a business’s financial position to realize long-term goals.

Like the opposite two types, it analyzes this information over a certain time frame. So seek the advice of a money flow statement if you must know what you are making and spending.

When predicting possible pitfalls and hiccups that may come up down the road, a money flow statement can provide help to do that, too. Money flow statements are really good for helping business owners and managers find areas to enhance.

As an example you own a taco truck chain, and also you’re preparing a money flow statement for the past 12 months. You notice that what you are promoting had a negative net money outflow for the 12 months. this implies you’ve got spent extra money than you’ve got brought in. Nonetheless, you must use this information to make decisions about what you are promoting going forward.

What are you able to do?

Well, first, you’d analyze your inflows and outflows. Were your primary sources of money inflows from customer payments? Did loads of your money come from loans? What were your predominant money outflows? Did you spend most of it paying your suppliers, employees or possibly rent?

Once you’ve this information, you may have the opportunity to formulate a plan to get the business back on course and out of the red.

Final Thoughts

Financial statements are essential tools for each entrepreneur. Not only will they offer you a comprehensive overview of the financial performance of what you are promoting, but they’ll also provide help to make informed decisions for the current and future.

You need to use income and money flow statements and balance sheets to observe financial health in a way that just is not possible otherwise.

Still undecided where to start? The most effective ways to start is simply to dive in. Select a financial plan to deal with, run the report and begin analyzing. If nothing else, you may walk away with more knowledge about what you are promoting and one of the best strategies for moving forward.


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